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26 Mar 2024

Water Security: Taking Action On A Major Global Challenge Can Be Enhanced Through Greater Collaboration

​With every year that passes, World Water Day and the UN’s annual World Water Development Report serve as a stark reminder that global water scarcity is fast outpacing our progress to address it. 

The World Economic Forum predicts that by 2030, global freshwater demand is expected to outstrip supply by 40%.

Despite living on a ‘blue’ planet, less than 1% of Earth’s water is potable freshwater. The ripple effect of this water scarcity can significantly impact our health, well-being, and social mobility. 

In the UAE – a nation with limited freshwater sources – we are acutely aware of the challenges posed by meeting the potable water demand of our growing population. While the country has developed a major water desalination infrastructure and is one of the global leaders in this field, we know that the process, while effective, is also energy intensive.

Last month, our President, His Highness Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, launched the Mohamed bin Zayed Water Initiative to enhance awareness of water scarcity and increase the pace of technological innovation.
The new initiative builds on the recent discussion paper Ripple Effect Water Scarcity – The Hidden Threat to Global Security and Prosperity, which was published by the UAE government in September and identifies potential solutions to the ongoing crisis.

Initiating the right kind of action 

Utility companies play a pivotal role in contributing to the UAE’s targets set out in its Water Security Strategy 2036 which feeds into meeting the nation’s ambitious goal of reaching Net Zero by 2050.

As an integrated water utility, EtihadWE is stepping up efforts to achieve these objectives.

For example, with our investment in Reverse Osmosis (RO) based water production, a process which uses significantly less energy than traditional thermal desalination. We recently inaugurated our NAQA’A plant in Umm Al Quwain– one of the largest RO seawater desalination plants in the world.

Today, EtihadWE is the only UAE utility with fully RO based water production.

We also have an ambitious plan to reduce Non-Revenue Water (NRW) – water lost before it reaches the customer. Through a combination of rehabilitation programs in our networks, the implementation of smart metering, and advanced technology-based solutions to detect and correct leaks, we aim to reduce unnecessary water losses.

In our new SCADA water network control centre, operations at six locations will also become centralised, allowing for better monitoring and control, increased electrical efficiency of our pumping, and enhanced leak detection capability. 

The Water Security Strategy 2036 aims to ensure a secure supply of water in various circumstances, including normal conditions, in an emergency and in an extreme emergency. This is to ensure that we are fully prepared to always meet the water security needs of the country in a sustainable way with minimal economic disruption. 

At EtihadWE we have more than 600 million Imperial gallons per day (MIGD) of water storage capacity in our Water Distribution Centres (WDC)–– chief among them is our recently inaugurated Khuraijah water distribution centre in Ras Al Khaimah, which provides water security for both normal demand as well as in emergencies. 

Doing this together 

But to ensure our approach is future-proof, we must bring everyone on the journey.

This was the overwhelming message from COP28 in 2023; collaboration is key to overcoming the climate crisis. At an industry level this means a decisive, joined-up approach, engaging customers, stakeholders, partners, and employees.

Due to their scale, our extension and production projects demand a highly coordinated approach when it comes to building and operating storage and transmission infrastructure. Our strategic partners in the UAE are vital to helping us enhance the efficiency and sustainability of our networks.

Whilst investing heavily in innovation and pursuing high-level partnerships, we must not forget the social change essential to helping us reduce consumption.

We need to give consumers the tools to better manage and understand their usage so they have the power to reduce it. Our water conservation programs have proved effective in reducing consumption through the installation of water-saving devices in schools, mosques, and other key government facilities.

The outcomes of COP28 serve as evidence that great progress can be made when people have a shared vision. The power of collaboration is evident in the progress we have made to date but there is more work to be done. By transforming our own systems and processes we will inspire others to do the same.

This World Water Day let us work together across communities, sectors, regions and countries; share best practice and knowledge, make joint pledges, partner on projects, and do the best we can for our planet and its people. 

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